The Brain Wave Lab

The TriColour hardware models SBL1, SBL2, SBL3, SBL4, SMD2, SMD4 do have special LEDs to generate three different Colors (Red, Green and Yellow). These Colors can be set by software control.
Starting from the year 2001 only TriColour models are delivered unless one orders on request differently (Single color model to gain Left/Right Eye control versus Red/Green control.


Color VS Left/Right
The creation of the possibility to control the Color by software has lead to the consequence that one looses the separate Left/Right controls of the LEDs (unless you own the DeLuxe version).


In return, one gains the control over the Red and Green register of the TriColour LEDs to create the color spectrum between Red and Green.


You will find examples on disk in the folder TriColour that shows you how to operate with the TriColour model. Some of these files are of a SAF type and thus must be loaded by using the SAF function (music note + delta sign).
New demo files, starting from 2001, are already based on the TriColour model.


Int demo files
All demo files in the INTERNAL SND folder are examples of the use of the so called Internal sounds. These simple noise and tone generator sounds are useful when MIDI device is available. The Led frequencies are in these files of a minor importance. Thus these files are mostly not meant to be a brain session.  


TriColour handling

Differences one can meet when using a normal demo file with the TriColour model:

  • All presets that do not use the Hemi-sync mode (most of them), will generate Yellow (= positive).
  • If the Hemi-Sync mode is used, this will result in Color changes instead of Left/ Right changes. Try them out and change them later.
  • The LED Brightness might be too strong (change it to a lower value).

Hints to convert normal files for TriColour:

  • Only Red Set right Brightness to zero.
  • Only Green Set left Brightness to zero
  • Yellow Set both Brightness displays equal and do not use the Hemi-sync mode.
  • Hemi-Sync Set Frequency for both Led-menu's equal and vary the Pulse Width parameters to create Color jumps within one single cycle.

Led menu

The software has 2 LED Frequency generators. For the TriColour this means: one generator for the Red register and one for the Green register of the TriColour LEDs. The left part of the Led-menu is for the Red register and the Right part for the Green register. If one selects the Right or Left Sync-mode, both Red and Green will be controlled by only one LED Frequency generator. The Brightness still can be set separately for both colors to set the color mix.


Hence that for example the setting: 1/1 - 2/2 - 3/3 - 4/4 all result in a yellow color with respect to the brightness that is determined by these variations.


Hemi Sync-mode
When using the Hemi sync-mode, both Red and Green have their own LED Frequency generator (Lpreset). You can set the Red flashing of the LED to a different rate than the Green one. At the overlap of the Red and Green, the LEDs will generate Yellow.


When setting both Frequencies the same and having different Pulse Width parameters set, one can create a Color change within each cycle. One also can have the LEDs toggling between Green and Yellow instead of switching On/Off.


The demo files illustrate a wide range of effects, both created by setting different Frequencies or different Pulse Width parameters. If one sets a different Frequency for the Red and Green register, the result can look like is displayed here.


File TriColour.saf Study

This demo will show you Color effects by holding both Frequencies equal and using different Pulse Width parameters for the Red and Green register. The following table lists all the important parameters to create these effects.

Do not put on the goggles.

Fpreset   PulseWidth  PulseWidth Bright-   Color 
    Sync  L=Red       R=Green    ness L/R  effect 
F1  Left  0  50 50    x  x  x      2 0     R-0    
F2  Left  0  50 50    x  x  x      0 3     G-0    
F3  Left  0  50 50    x  x  x      2 3     Y-0    
F4  Hemi  0  50 50    25 25 50     2 3     R-Y-0  
F5  Hemi  25 25 50    0  50 50     2 3     G-Y-0  
F6  Hemi  0  50 50    0  25 75     2 3     Y-R-0  
F7  Hemi  0  25 75    25 25 50     2 3     R-G-0  
F8  Hemi  25 25 50    0  25 75     2 3     G-R-0  
F9  Hemi  0  25 75    0  50 50     2 3     Y-G-0  
F10 Hemi  0  0  70    20 10 70     2 3     R-0-G-0


File tricol_2.saf Study
This demo demonstrates some specific TriColour Pulse Width effects and some effects with different Frequency settings.

You are advised to 'play' with the Pulse Width parameters and Frequency in both Sync and Hemi-mode to discover the possibilities of the TriColour model in its full extend.


Generates a Red pulse that starts with a short Green pulse.


A Red period with halfway a short Green pulse.


A Red period ending with a short Green pulse.


A Green period with halfway a short Orange pulse.


Both Frequencies are set to 0.5 Hz, but the flash Frequency is 1 Hz. This effect uses a 50% phase shift of the Green register relatively to the Red one. Both Colors flash at 0.5 Hz (one per 2 seconds) but because of the 50% shift, the Green flash will occur exactly between two Red flashes. The result is one flash per second (= 1 Hz). A Red one followed by a Green one, followed by a Red one, followed by a Green one etc.


The Red Frequency set to 0.5 Hz and the Green Frequency to 5 Hz. Every 10th Green pulse, an Orange one.


Both Frequencies to 5 Hz having the RND Brightness set for the Red register. The flashing is stable at 5 Hz, but the Color varies randomly between Green and Orange.


The Red Frequency is set to 16.65 Hz and the Green to 18.164 Hz. This results in a Color change wave with a rate of the difference from both Frequencies: 18.164 Hz minus 16.65 Hz equals 1.514 Hz.


The same as F8, but now on a slower speed. The Color pattern cycle repeats every 11.62 seconds (=0.086 Hz=7.992-4.078). The flash Frequency is a complex pattern of the rates: 7.992, 4.078, the difference and the sum of them.


Green flash Frequency of 20 Hz with a sublimated Orange pulsing of 2 Hz. Put on the goggles for a while to experience this sublimation.



The Brain Wave Lab

The demo files that I included were compiled with the intention to explain about the technical aspects of this program. But, a Brain-Machine is meant for something that goes beyond the technical aspects of it. However I'm in contact with the higher god's of life, I'm not the right person to make and to describe demo files to serve the wonderful world of Brain Wave Synthesis in its 'mystical' sense. My mission is to invent the right way to create a tool that makes it possible to explore. Nevertheless, in this chapter, you will get some lessons from a person who suits very well to the job of explaining the higher matters about it.


J.W. Demos
May I introduce to you, Mister James John Wafer, a first class 'Brain Wave' expert with great experience of many techniques that goes beyond our 'normal understanding'.


On disk, you will find the folder J1_DEMO. This folder contents demo files that he made and will describe in this chapter. The word is for Mister James John Wafer.


The File named "J1_DEMO.xxx" contains 10 sequences that use the internal sound chip of the Atari. Here is a description of the files:


Sequence Nr 1
A 30 minute relaxation session. The sequence begins with a Theta frequency of 6.06 Hz. (Heightened states of awareness and learning ability). The sound used is a noise signal with the lowest possible pitch (31). If you wish to alter the volume setting, then raise or lower the value of the 'wavetime' parameter. The next frequency is 4 Hz, a theta frequency, followed by 2 Hz and 1 Hz before ending in 6.06 Hz.


Sequence Nr 2
A 20 minute learning enhancement session. Try using this before an intense study period. The first half of the session remains at around the 6 Hz. frequency, before jumping up to 25 Hz, a frequency used to promote concentration. Also, as a point of interest, the Australian Aboriginals use this frequency in their 'honeybee song' which they sing for hours at a time in large groups. They have been doing this already for the last 40.000 years. Long before brain researchers discovered that this frequency stimulates concentration.


Sequence Nr 3
A 45 minute Insomnia/Sleep session. It begins with a 'sea sound' which lasts for three minutes. Breathe deeply in order to synchronize your breathing with this. After these 3 minutes, the 'sea sound' will switch off and the frequencies-sequence will begin. The first frequency is 10 Hz., a frequency which stimulates the production of serotonin, an inhibitory neurotransmitter required for sleep. Basically, an inhibitory neurotransmitter is a specialized brain cell that 'quietness down' the activity of your brain cells to enable you to go to sleep. For the body to produce serotonin, it needs the amino acid trytophan, which is found in large quantities in bananas and milk. This is why drinking warm milk before going to bed can help you to sleep! However, in order for your body to convert tryptophan into serotonin, the vitamins B-6 (100 milligrams) and C (1 Gram) are required. The frequencies then drop from 10 Hz down to 0.5 Hz.

Before starting any sequence, first listen to all of the Presete separately to check if the sound level is comfortable for you. If the sound is too loud, then either adjust the wavetime value if the one shot/inverse mode is used, or adjust the volume parameter if you are using MIDI equipment.

You will have to turn off the sequence button first, in order to do this, but don't forget to switch it on again before you begin your session.

Also, if you have trouble with insomnia, try the "SILVA MIND CONTROL METHOD" (Pocket books ISBN 0-671-67728-4). This book contains excellent exercises to reach specific brain states, without the help of machines or biofeedback devices. The sleep control combines relaxation with a mentally fatiguing technique that gradually diminishes your waking consciousness.


Sequence Nr 4
A 30 minute increased alertness sequence. It begins with the 'sea sound' before going through various frequencies in the beta and alpha range. This sequence has a lot of nice visual effects. Try altering the pulse width values and experimenting with other sounds/frequencies.


Sequence Nr 5
A 45 minute meditation/deep relaxation session. It begins with 6.06 Hz (Theta-heightened awareness), then moves down to 4 Hz and 3.51 Hz (Theta-creativity and mental imagery), then goes to 7.41 Hz (Theta-meditation, activation of creative processes) back to 3.51 Hz, before dropping down to 2 and 1 Hz. Finally, it moves back up to 4 Hz and ends in 6.06 again.


Sequence Nr 6
A 15 minute stimulation sequence. This session includes both simultaneous stimulation and alternating 'left/right' (flashing first onto the left eye, then onto the right eye.) The left and right eye-controls can also trigger a different sound. So, if you have a stereo MIDI synthesizer or expander, you can send sounds to different ears. For instance, you can set the left eye' to trigger a sound through the right 'ear', and vice versa. Or you can set the left 'eye' to trigger a sound in the left 'ear'. Study this sequence well.

On Function key Nr 8, I have set the left 'eye' to trigger a sound tone of 150.06 Hz, and the right 'eye' to trigger a tone of 160.05 Hz. The sound signal remains mono because it is generated from the internal sound chip. If you have a stereo MIDI keyboard or expander, then you can send one note in the left ear and one to the right ear. Check your synthesizer manual for information on how to set your synthesizer to play a note into the left or right ear.


Sequence Nr 7
A 20 minute mixture of various Beta/Alpha frequencies.


Sequence Nr 8
A 30 minute stimulation sequence.


Sequence Nr 9
A 20 minute anti-stress session.


Sequence Nr 0 (10)
A 30 minute meditation sequence. This sequence is based on the frequencies of the so- called aura colors. The frequency sequence corresponds to the color red, then orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and finally violet. Important! It has been reported that 16 Hz is a frequency which stimulates the brain cells to release calcium and therefore, I would advise you not to use this frequency.


Other demo files

Demonstrates how to use the brightness and wavetime parameters to make gradual changes between frequencies.


A meditation based on the tone of the Didgereedoo, the sacred instrument of the Australian Aboriginals.


A MIDI demo that Uses the first 10 presets of your MIDI synthesizer or expander on Channel 1. Or you can reset the presets and channels to your own liking.  


I would like to reiterate the advice of Dries Langeveld, editor of "Bres" magazine, on the use of Brain-machines.


Keep a logbook of all sessions, in which you note all relevant information: Time of day, duration of session, details of stimuli. Note down:

  • If you have been using medicine, alcohol or drugs (not recommended but be honest if you do anyway)
  • If you noticed aftereffects on the body or your mood,
  • you fell asleep, had dreams or spontaneous visualizations.

Don't start to experiment unless you are in good physical and mental health. Don't play 'Doctor', either with yourself or others if you're not qualified as such.


Remind yourself regularly of the necessity of keeping a neutral and open mind in order to observe yourself objectively. Remember that exaggerated fantasies or ecstatic behavior also have an effect on your brain waves. Remember also, that results can differ greatly from person to person.


Work in a relaxed manner. Don't be confused by all the possibilities of the program. Take the time to let the effects work. Some effects only become apparent some hours later. So after a session don't jump into frenzied activity but take the time to relax and enjoy the afterimages that will continue to glow in your minds eye for quite some time after a session.


Don't expose other people to stimuli that you don't know thoroughly, and even then, only when you know the person very well and know that he/she can accept the standards that you have set for yourself. Act in a responsible manner.


Read as much as you can about this subject and be aware of the latest developments. Exchange experiences with other users. Don't claim results for yourself and stay open to other points of view and reasonable criticism. Remember that every idea or theory that you hold fast to could be upset by the following Experiment.


Aside from working with the Brain Wave Lab, make sure that you get enough body work. Don't forget that the brain is only a small part of a larger organism. The full richness of consciousness research can't be experienced without body movement, breathing exercises and/or dance.


For all those budding shamans out there, this program is also an excellent shamanic sonic driver. Choose your frequencies, sounds and the length of your journey, and away you go! If you have a mixer unit you can also mix the sound of the frequencies with music, or self improvement tapes. (Try mixing Theta rhythms with the "Burundi Drummers" or other African Drum recordings!)

The full extent of the possibilities with The Brain Wave Lab will only begin to sink in after you have found the ideal combination Of sounds and frequencies. So, be patient.

Good luck, and above all enjoy it!

James John Wafer, January 1991 Amsterdam  

Brain Wave base frequencies
     Delta  1.5 ... 3.2  Hz  Sleep
     Theta  3.2 ... 7.5  Hz  Dream
     Alpha  7.5 ... 15.5 Hz  Meditation
     Beta  13.5 ... 30   Hz  Alertness
Aura colors Chakra (Dr. J. Wale)
Aura Frequency (Hz) Carkra Frequency (Hz)
White 2000...1100 Base 4
Red 1200...1100 Spleen 6
Orange 1050...950 Navel 10
Yellow 500...700 Heart 12
Green 250...475 Brow 96
Blue 250...275 Crow 960
Violet 300...400

Note & Frequency & Midi key

C1  32.7  24
C1# 34.6  25
D1  36.7  26
D1# 38.9  27
E1  41.2  28
F1  43.7  29
F1# 46.2  30
G1  49    31
G1# 51.9  32
A1  55    33
A1# 58.3  34
B1  61.7  35

C   65.4  36
C#  69.2  37
D   73.4  38
D#  77.7  39
E   82.4  40
F   87.3  41
F#  92.5  42
G   98    43
G#  103.8 44
A   110   45
A#  116.5 46
B   123.5 47

c   130.8 48
c#  138.5 49
d   146.8 50
d#  155.5 51
e   164.8 52
f   174.6 53
f#  185   54
g   196   55
g#  207.7 56
a   220   57
a#  233   58
b   247   59

c1  262   60
c1# 277   61
d1  294   62
d1# 311   63
e1  330   64
f1  349   65
f1# 370   66
g1  392   67
g1# 415   68
a1  440   69
a1# 466   70
b1  494   71

c2  523   72
c2# 547   73
d2  587   74
d2# 662   75
e2  659   76
f2  698   77
f2# 740   78
g2  784   79
g2# 831   80
a2  880   81
a2# 932   82
b2  988   83

c3  1047  84
c3# 1109  85
d3  1175  86
d3# 1245  87
e3  1319  88
f3  1397  89
f3# 1475  90
g3  1568  91
g3# 1661  92
a3  1760  93
a3# 1865  94
b3  1976  95

c4  2093  96
c4# 2217  97
d4  2349  98
d4# 2489  99
e4  2637 100
f4  2794 101
f4# 2960 102
g4  3136 103
g4# 3322 104
a4  3520 105
a4# 3729 106
b4  3951 107

c5  4186 108
c5# 4435 109
d5  4699 110
d5# 4979 111
e5  5275 112
f5  5689 113
f6# 5921 114
g5  6273 115
g5# 6645 116
a5  7041 117
a5# 7459 118
b5  7903 119


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